Tuesday, January 23, 2024

Biology Crossword Puzzles

With Conceptual and AP Physics crosswords covered, I moved on to Chemistry. Physics vocabulary is fairly pedestrian. We do our intimidation in the form of mathematics. Chemistry vocabulary wanders deeper into the esoteric: stoichiometry right off the bat. Pnictogen? Chemistry's got some words. 

Now that Chemistry's covered, it was time to move on to Biology. Intro Biology has very little math, so it brings the words. So many words that live their best lives within the confines of the study of life sciences. Endoplasmic reticulum arrives early and it's got plenty of friends.

Like the Chemistry puzzles, the Biology puzzles are aligned with an OpenStax online textbook. I chose Concepts of Biology this time. While nature may abhor a vacuum, I abhor crossword puzzles with yawning gaps and empty spaces. This time, some gaps were filled with terms from "100 Words Middle School Students Should Know" from vocabulary.com. Others were filled with terms from science, mathematics, geography, pop culture, and randomness. Students will be amused and surprised to see some of the terms that show up in these puzzles.

Word Count: 108 · Puzzle Score (word crosses): 170

Core terms: Applied, Atom, Based, Basic, Biology, Biosphere, Cell, Community, Control, Deductive, Descriptive, Ecosystem, Eukaryote, Evolution, Falsifiable, Homeostasis, Hypothesis, Inductive, Law, Life, Macromolecule, Method, Molecule, Natural, Organ, Organelle, Organism, Peer, Phylogenetic, Physical, Population, Prokaryote, Science, System, Theory, Tissue, Variable

Selected additional terms: Acronyms, Adversary, AI, Air, Amber, Animal, Cheetah, Civic, Contortion, Cpu, Density, Divide, Earth, Elephant, Emu, Exodus, Eye, Gem, Hasten, Jupiter, Jut, Leopard, Lion, Mercury, Meter, Muscle, Navel, Neon, Neptune, Onion, Orion, Paris, Physics, Pluto, Quotient, Recluse, Slope, Twitch, Typhoons, URL, USB, xy

I posted this one online so you can see how the online version plays. Here's the link:

Words: 107 · Puzzle Score: 172

Core terms: Acid, Adhesion, Amino, Anion, Atomic, Base, Buffer, Carbohydrate, Cation, Cellulose, Chemical, Chitin, Cohesion, Covalent, Denaturation, DNA, Electron, Element, Enzyme, Evaporation, Fat, Glycogen, Hormone, Hydrogen, Philic, Phobic, Ion, Ionic, Isotope, Lipids, Litmus, Mass, Matter, Mono, Neutron, Nonpolar, Nucleic, Nucleotide, Nucleus, Octet, Oil, Periodic, pH, Phospholipid, Polar, Polypeptide, Poly, Protein, Proton, Radioactive, Ribonucleic, Saturated, Solvent, Starch, Steroid, Surface, Trans, Transfer, Triglyceride, Unsaturated, Vanderwaals

Selected additional terms: Acre, Add, Apollo, Colon, Colors, Dental, Eggs, Equal, Excel, Fang, Fermium, Format, Half, Inuit, Laser, Neptune, Oxygen, Pi, Solve, Svalbard, Te, Tiger, USB, Venus

Words: 105 · Puzzle Score: 183

Core terms: Active, Cell, Central, Chloroplast, Chromatin, Chromosome, Cilium, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Cytosol, Desmosome, Diffusion, Endo(cytosis), Envelope, Eu(karyotic), Exo(cytosis), Facilitated, Flagellum, Fluid, Gap, Golgi, Gradient, Hyper(tonic), Hypo(tonic), Isotonic, Junction, Lysosome, Matrix, Microscope, Mitochondria, Nucleolus, Nucleus, Organelle, Osmolarity, Osmosis, Passive, Permeable, Peroxisome, Phago(cytosis), Pino(cytosis), Plasma, Plasmodesma, Pro(karyotic), Receptor, Reticulum, Ribosome, Rough, Smooth, Solute, Tonicity, Unified, Vacuole, Vesicle

Selected additional terms: Amazon, Amoeba, BMI, Boil, Bruin, Camel, Climate, cos, Curie, Cyclops, Debris, Earth, EPA, FDA, Herd, Hot, HTTP, Hypo, Idol, Igloo, Indium, Ion, Italy, Koala, Meander, Mitten, Nose, Omega, Proton, Random, Record, Sierra, Sodium, Venus, Waver, Year

Words: 115 · Puzzle Score: 201(!)

Core terms: Acetyl, Activation, Active, Allosteric, Anabolic, Anaerobic, ATP, Bioenergetics, Catabolic, Chemiosmosis, Citric, Competitive, Endergonic, Enzyme, Exergonic, Feedback, Fermentation, Glycolysis, Heat, Kinetic, Metabolism, Noncompetitive, Oxidative, Potential, Substrate, Synthase, Thermodynamics, Transport

Selected additional terms: AC, Adverb, Au, Average, Barricade, Basalt, Biosphere, CAD, Casa, CCL, Co, Commotion, cos, DC, Deft, Dismal, DNA, Electrochemical, Elephant, Exhilarate, Habitation, Homeostasis, HTTP, Human, Hybrid, Iambic, Ignite, Jabber, Jupiter, Karyote, KE, LAN, Lung, Mitochondria, mL, Neptune, Oslo, Ounce, Parrot, Peru, Pico, Plane, Rust, Stamina, Subside, Venus, Waft, Worm

Words: 111 · Puzzle Score: 183

Core terms: Absorption, Autotroph, Calvin, Chlorophyll, ChlorophyllA, ChlorophyllB, Chloroplast, Fixation, Granum, Heterotroph, Light, Mesophyll, Photoautotroph, Photon, Photosystem, Pigment, Spectrum, Stoma, Stroma, Thylakoid, Wavelength

Selected additional terms: America, Apollo, Atom, ATP, Biology, Bluff, Boron, CME, Crick, Deoxyribonucleic, Ear, Earth, Eavesdrop, Ecosystem, Egregious, Electron, Evolution, Eye, Generative, Glycogen, GPU, Heat, HTML, HTTP, Illuminate, Jargon, Jostle, Mercury, Meticulous, Mitochondria, Model, NIH, RCS, Reticulum, Robot, Roots, Ruby, Saturn, Swagger, Swift, Tango, Tar, Tea, TikTok, Time, Tip, Tom, Tongue, Uncanny, Uncertain, Urdu, Zeal

Crosswords 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, bundled and discounted.

Words: 103 · Puzzle Score: 167

Core terms: Anaphase, Centriole, Checkpoints, Cleavage, Cycle, Cytokinesis, Diploid, Fission, Ftsz, Gamete, Gene, Genome, Haploid, Homologous, Interphase, Kinetochore, Locus, Metaphase, Mitosis, Oncogene, Origin, Phase, Plate, Prometaphase, Prophase, Proto, Quiescent, Septum, Spindle, Telophase, Tumor

Selected additional terms: Asteroid, Cell, Chlorophyll, Comet, CPR, Days, DNA, Ecosystem, Electron, Element, Ember, Emperor, Enigma, Enzyme, Eukaryotic, Eye, Foresight, GPT, Greek, Homeostasis, Horse, Hours, Kindle, Llm, Luna, Monotonous, Organism, Origin, Phase, Prokaryotic, School, Sketch, Sol, Speed, Spore, SSD, Steroid, STEVE, Taste, Temperature, Theorem, Venus, Weather, Woman

Words: 109 · Puzzle Score: 177

Core terms: Alternation, Aneuploid, Autosome, Chiasmata, Chromosome, Crossing, Cycle, Diploid, Dominant, Euploid, Fertilization, Gametophyte, Germ, Inactivation, Interkinesis, Karyogram, Karyotype, Meiosis, Monosomy, Nondisjunction, Polyploid, Recombinant, Reduction, Somatic, Sporophyte, Synapsis, Tetrad, Translocation, Trisomy

Selected additional terms: Air, Amino, amu, Aptitude, Egg, Evolution, Fragrance, Gusto, Jaguar, Mars, Mercury, Mist, Muster, Na, Neptune, Organelle, Outlandish, Protein,  Scholar, Sierra, Sodium, Spectrum, Spindle, Teton, Theory, Tigris, Trojan, Uranus, Wheat

Words: 108 · Puzzle Score: 182

Core terms: Allele, Assortment, Codominance, Continuous, Dihybrid, Discontinuous, Dominance, Dominant, Epistasis, First , Genotype, Hemizygous, Heterozygous, Homozygous, Hybridization, Incomplete, Linkage, Model, Monohybrid, Parental, Phenotype, Punnett, Recessive, Reciprocal, Recombination, Second, Segregation, Test, Trait, Wild, Xlinked

Selected additional terms: Amazon, Atom, Bacteria, Biologist, Brackish, Calf, Ceramic, Chlorophyll, Chromosome, Cme, Cobra, Curie, Earth, Electron, Eye, Fixation, Havoc, Ice, Impending, Inert, Ions, Iris, JPEG, Lipid, March, MPEG, mRNA, Omega, Persistent, Python, Reduction, Reticulum, Rh, Sars, Saturn, Scurry, SEO, SPF, Stoma, tan, Telophase, Unit

Crosswords 6, 7, and 8, bundled and discounted.

Words: 108 · Puzzle Score: 172

Core terms: Alternative, Bubble, Codon, Deoxyribose, Epigenetic, Excision, Exon, Fork, Gene, Genetic, Helicase, Helix, Intron, Lagging, Leading, Ligase, Mismatch, mRNA, Mutation, Nitrogenous, Nontemplate, Okazaki, Phosphate, Polymerase, Primer, Promoter, RNA, rRNA, Semiconservative, Splicing, Start, Stop, Telomerase, Telomere, Template, Transcriptional, Translational, tRNA

Selected additional terms: Acid, ACL, Algebra, Ash, Atom, Aviary, Brain, Brandish, Chlorophyll, cos, Enzyme, Equinox, Googol, Imperious, Ionic, Karyogram, Knoll, LLM, Mendeleev, Mitochondria, Neptune, Osmosis, Recuperate, Skeptic, Somber, Steroid, Tenth, Tesla, Tumor

Words: 104 · Puzzle Score: 168

Core terms: Anneal, Biomarker, Biotechnology, Chain, Cloning, Electrophoresis, Engineering, Genomics, Map, Metagenomics, Modified, Organism, Pharmaco(genomics), Physical, Plasmid, Protein, Proteomics, Recombinant, Reproductive, Restriction, Reverse, Signature, Testing, Therapy, Transgenic, Whole

Selected additional terms: Allele, amu, Anabolic, Au, Catabolic, Cell, Celsius, CFC, Eagle, Ecosystem, Equal, Equator, Eukaryotic, Eureka, Eye, Fang, Grueling, Hot, Hz, Ion, Jupiter, Lava, League, Length, Malleable, Mercury, Misgiving, Narwhal, Orca, Owl, Palm, Physics, Polaris, Quell, RSS, Saturn, Seashell, Skunk, Slope, Solute, Swarm, Tactic, Vulnerable, WIMP

Crosswords 9 and 10, bundled and discounted.

Words: 121 · Puzzle Score: 188

Core terms: Acquired, Adaptation, Adaptive, Allopatric, Analogous, Bottleneck, Convergent, Dispersal, Divergent, Drift, Founder, Gene, Genetics, Homologous, Macroevolution, Microevolution, Migration, Natural, Pool, Speciation, Sympatric, Synthesis, Variation, Vestigial, Vicariance

Selected additional terms: AI, Arid, Atom, Biosphere, Cation, Cell, Chess, Chlorophyll, Cunning, Darwin, dB, Destination, Disdain, DNA, Energy, Engine, Graph, Iris, Luminous, Materialize, Momentum, Mrna, Multitude, Nucleus, Organelle, Osmosis, Pi, Planet, Plasmid, PPM, Proton, STM, Terse, Theta, Tsunami, Uranus, Venus, Volumes, Waver, Zeroth

Words: 120 · Puzzle Score: 191

Core terms: Analogous, Ancestral, Binomial, Branch, Clade, Cladistics, Class, Derived , Domain, Family, Genus, Kingdom, Monophyletic, Order, Parsimony, Phylogenetic, Phylogeny, Phylum, Rooted, Sister, Species, Systematics, Taxon, Taxonomy

Selected additional terms: Amu, Aplomb, Banish, Chem, Chlorofluorocarbons, Chromosome, Dna, Earth, Endocytosis, Engross, Epistasis, Error, Furtive, Intron, Ion, Isotope, Magma, Mitochondria, Museum, Nonagon, Olympic, Opal, Osiris, Physical, Polk, Potential, Precipice, Pristine, Quart, Restitution, Sabotage, Skin, Speciation, Stem, Thermodynamics, Thyme, Translucent, Usb, Venus, Vim

Words: 113 · Puzzle Score: 187

Core terms: Amoebozoa, Anaerobic, Anoxic, Ascomy, Basidiomy, Biofilm, Black, Botulism, Capsule, Chytridiomy, Commensalism, Conjugation, Cyanobacteria, Disease, Endosymbiosis, Epidemic, Excavata, Extremophile, Glomeromy, Hypha, Lichen, Microbial, Mold, Mrsa, Mycelium, Mycorrhiza, Mycosis, Negative, Opisthokonta, Pandemic, Parasite, Pathogen, Pellicle, Peptidoglycan, Phototroph, Plastid, Positive, Rhizaria, Saprobe, Septum, Stromatolite, Thallus, Transduction, Vent, Yeast, Zygomy

Selected additional terms: Ally, Anneal, AU, Avocado, Cone, Eukaryote, Glycogen, Hour, Inch, Ion, Lab, Logic, Metal, MIDI, Neuter, Oil, Ovum, Patella, Photon, Sol, Thorium, Tongue, Top, Triangle, Yukon

Words: 118 · Puzzle Score: 189

Core terms: Anther, Anthophyta, Apical, Basal, Calyx, Carpel, Club, Cone, Conifer, Corolla, Cotyledon, Cycad, Dicot, Diplontic, Eudicots, Fern, Filament, Gametangium, Gameto(phyte), Gingko(phyte), Gneto(phyte), Gymnosperm, Gynoecium, (Haplo)diplontic, (Haplo)ntic, Herbaceous, Hetero(sporous), Homo(sporous), Hornwort, Horsetail, Liverwort, Mega(sporocyte), Micro(sporocyte), Monocot, Moss, Nonvascular, Ovary, Petal, Phloem, Pistil, Sepal, (Spor)angium, (Spor)ophyll, (Spor)ophyte, Stamen, Stigma, Strobili, Style, Syngamy, Vascular, Whisk, Xylem

Selected additional terms: Acid, Alaska, Biotechnology, Cell, cos, Cytoplasm, DNA, Galileo, Gamete, Gel, Gene, Golgi, Instagram, Iron, Isotope, Jupiter, Leeuwenhoek, LIGO, Mendeleev, Metabolism, Microbial, Mycelium, Nonvascular, Organelle, Proton, Species, Tera, Tesla, Titan, Uranus, Wild

15a. Diversity of Animals 1 at TPT (The vocab list had 113 words, so I created two puzzles)
Words: 115 · Puzzle Score: 199

Core terms: Actinopterygii, Amniote, Ampulla, Anthropoids, Anura, Apoda, Asymmetrical, Body, Brachiation, Budding, Cephalothorax, Chaeta, Chitin, Coelom, Column, Deuterostome, Down, Eucoelomate, Extracellular, Fragmentation, Frog, Gastrodermis, Gemmule, Germ, Gnathostome, Hagfish, Intracellular, Lamprey, Lateral, Madreporite, Mammal, Mantle, Medusa, Myxini, Nacre, Nerve, Osteichthyes, Ostracoderm, Polyp, Radial, Radula, Sarcopterygii, Sphenodontia, Stereoscopic, Sudoriferous, Swim, Tail, Triploblast

Selected additional terms: Ancestry, Anthill, ASL, Burr, Cell, Eiffel, Ferdinand, Growing, LEO, Lion, Micro, North, Oahu, Octopus, Ohm, Pico, Prof, Redplanet, Solid, System, Taylor, Teen, Teeth, Ulna

15b. Diversity of Animals 2 at TPT (The vocab list had 113 words, so I created two puzzles)
Words: 105 · Puzzle Score: 184

Core terms: Acoelomate, Amoebocyte, Amphibia, Annelida, Bilateral, Caecilian, Chelicerae, Choanocyte, Chordata, Clitellum, Cnidaria, Cnidocyte, Complete, Craniate, Ctenidia, Cutaneous, Dioecious, Diphyodont, Diploblast, Epidermis, Eutherian, Hemocoel, Heterodont, Lancelet, Marsupial, Mesoglea, Mesohyl, Metamerism, Mollusca, Monoecious, Monotreme, Nematocyst, Nematoda, Notochord, Osculum, Pneumatic, Porifera, Prosimians, Protostome, Sebaceous, Spicule, Spongocoel, Squamata, Tadpole, Testudines, Trachea, Tunicate, Urochordata, Urodela

Selected additional terms: Adieu, Bogus, CNC, Dicot, Ebola, Echo, Erie, Euro, Eye, HIPAA, Hour, Lisbon, London, Nimby, Odd, OH, Orbit, Oslo, Petal, Pluto, Rodin, Rome, SARS, Saturn, Storm, Stroke, TNT, Twain, Utah, Venus

Crosswords 11, 12, 13, 14, 15a, and 15b, bundled and discounted.

16a. The Body’s Systems 1 at TPT (The vocab list had 127 words, so I created two puzzles)
Words: 113 · Puzzle Score: 193

Core terms: Action, Alveolus, Amylase, Aorta, Artery, Autonomic, Axon, Bile, Bolus, Bronchi, Capillary, Cardiac, Central, Cerebral, Chyme, Cleft, Corpus, Diastole, Ectotherm, Endocrine, Esophagus, Excitation, Fibrous, Gallbladder, Glia, Hormone, Joint, Large, Limbic, Membrane, Mineral, Myofibril, Nasal, Neuron, Open, Ossicles , Pancreas, Parathyroid, Pectoral, Pepsin, Peristalsis, Pituitary, Pulmonary, Renal, Salivary, Sarcomere, Skull, Smooth, Spinal, Superior, Synapse, Systemic, Temporal, Thoracic, Thyroid, Trachea, Up, Urethra, Ventricle, Vitamin

Selected additional terms: Bohrium, Caffeine, Cell, CO, Cold, Condor, Ear, GUI, Huron, Ion, Mars, Mercury, Month, MRI, Nacho, NIST, Pulse, Ratio, Real, SST, Steps, Taylor, Ten, Tesla, Venus, Who

16b. The Body’s Systems 2 at TPT (The vocab list had 127 words, so I created two puzzles)
Words: 107 · Puzzle Score: 160

Core terms: Adrenal, Amygdala, Anus, Appendicular, Atrium, Axial, Bicuspid, Bladder, Brainstem, Bronchiole, Cardiac, Cerebellum, Cerebrospinal, Circulatory, Colon, Dendrite, Diaphragm, Down, Endotherm, Essential, Exocrine, Frontal, Ganglia, Hippo(campus), Hyoid, Inferior, Kidney, Larynx, Liver, Myelin, Myofilament, Nephron, Occipital, Oral, Osmotic, Pancreas, Parietal, Pelvic, Peripheral, Pharynx, Primary, Rectum, Renal, Sarcolemma, Set, Small, Somatic, Stomach, Sympathetic, Synovial, Systole, Thalamus, Thymus, Tissue, Tricuspid, Ureter, Vein, Vertebral

Selected additional terms: Acid, Amino, ANS, Azores, Base, Curie, Ear, Earth, Egg, Genome, Leg, Lung, Month, Moon, Nose, Organ, TBI, Theory, Triton

Words: 101 · Puzzle Score: 186

Core terms: Acellular, Active, Adaptive, Allergy, Antibody, Antigen, Presenting, Apoptosis, Attenuation, Autoantibody, Autoimmunity, Bcell, Capsid, Complement, Cytokine, Cytopathic, Cytotoxic, Dendritic, Effector, Glycoprotein, Helper, Histocompatibility, Humoral, Hyper, Immune, Immuno(Deficiency), Inflammation, Innate, Interferon, Lymph, Lymphocyte, Macrophage, Mast, Mediated, Memory, Monocyte, Natural, Neutrophil, Passive, Primary, Secondary, Tcell, Vaccine, Viral, Virion, White

Selected additional terms: Amino, ATP, Cyan, Delta, Doppler, Dune, Emerge, Estate, Exasperation, Futile, Hanoi, HIV, Honey, Meander, NASA, Neon, Plus, POV, Presenting, Recycle, Repugnant, Seoul, Sound, Tesla, Tiara, Tide, Trachea, Trait, Unit, VanGogh

Words: 110 · Puzzle Score: 183

Core terms: Asexual, Blastocyst, Budding, Bulbourethral, Clitoris, Corpus, Determination, Estrogen, External, Fission, Fragmentation, Fsh, Gastrulation, Gestation, Gestation, GnRH, Gonadotropin, Hermaphroditism, Inhibin, Internal, Leydig, Luteinizing, Majora, Mass, Menstrual, Minora, Oogenesis, Organo(genesis), Ovarian, Oviduct, Oviparity, Ovoviparity, Ovulation, Partheno(genesis), Penis, Placenta, Progesterone, Prostate, Scrotum, Semen, Seminal, Seminiferous, Sertoli, Sexual, Spermato(genesis), Testes, Testosterone, Trophoblast, Uterus, Vagina, Viviparity, Zona

Selected additional terms: Acid, ATP, Bacon, Beta, Capillary, Circle, DNA, Drift, Elicit, Error, Frog, GFI, ICU, Kinematics, Mast, Metric, Moon, NIH, Pangea, Peak, RAM, Sarong, STI, Trait, Vein, Webb, Zenith

Crosswords 16a, 16b, 17, and 18, bundled and discounted.

Words: 116 · Puzzle Score: 192

Core terms: Abundance, Biogeography, Birth, Carrying, China, Climax, Death, Demography, Density, Dependent, Disturbance, Exclusion, Exponential, Exponential, Foundation, Host, Independent, Intraspecific, Keystone, Life, Logistic, Logistic, Mark, Mimicry, Mortality, Mutualism, Parasite, Pioneer, Primary, Quadrat, Richness, Secondary, Selected, Size, Species, Stable, Structure, Survivorship, Zero

Selected additional terms: Agua, Air, Anthropoids, Apprehensive, Atom, Berlin, Bismarck, Brainstem, Bug, Canary, Cat, CME, CPR, Debris, Dirt, DNA, Ear, Ebony, Echo, EKG, Fern, Gel, Headway, ICE, Inert, Mandela, Neptune, Nurse, Parthenogenesis, Photoautotroph, Phylum, PPE, Proton, PSI, Quad, Reaper, Replenish, Rouge, Rust, Scarcity, Titan, Uranium, Yeast

Words: 104 · Puzzle Score: 185

Core terms: Abyssal, Acid, Algal, Apex, Aphotic, Arctic, Autotroph, Benthic, (Bio)Geochemical, (Bio)Magnification, Biome, Boreal, Canopy, Chain, Channel, Chaparral, Chemo(Autotroph), Coral, Cryptofauna, Dead, Detrital, Ecosystem, Emergent, Equilibrium, Estuary, Eutrophication, Fallout, Forest, Grassland, Grazing, Gross, Hydrosphere, Intertidal, Neritic, Net, Oceanic, Pelagic, Permafrost, Photic, Photo(Autotroph), Plankti(Vore), Primary, Producer, Renewable, Resilience, Resistance, Savanna, Secondary, Services, Source, Subduction, Subtropical, Tertiary, Trophic, Tropical, Web, Wetland

Selected additional terms: ADA, ASL cos, Erupt, Gene, Istanbul, Kelvin, kph, Lab, Library, Morpheus, Noon, Nuclear, Octopi, Ratio, Spork, Synapse, Tera, Thorax, Watt, Zygote

Words: 108 · Puzzle Score: 175

Core terms: Biodiversity, Bush, Chemical, Chytridiomycosis, Ecosystem, Endemic, Exotic, Extinction, Genetic, Heterogeneity, Hotspot, Rate, Secondary, Syndrome, Tragedy

Selected additional terms: Algal, Antigen, Apex, Atom, Biology, Biome, Birth, Chain, Clade, Column, Death, Delta, Density, Deoxyribonucleic, Earth, Eon, Erie, Eutrophication, Exponential, Extinction, Food, Host, Isotope, Isthmus, Jupiter, Life, Math, Matter, Mortality, Muscle, Obscure, Organ, Permafrost, Photic, Pioneer, Planktivore, Renewable, Reproduce, Resilience, Resistance, Reticulum, Rhodium, Saturn, Source, Species, Stag, Stroma, Sub, Taxonomy, Technetium, Temperature, Trophic, Zero

Crosswords 19, 20, and 21, bundled and discounted.

23 crossword puzzles

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